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  近几年的4级作文题基本上都是供给考生就某种现实情形或意见发布本身的意见,内容多是考生所耳熟能详的社会热点话题或硕士生活难题。写好4级作文有四个关键点:第三,依照英文的发挥习惯来布置撰写结构;第壹,用自身熟习的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出本身的见识和观点。由此,老师将服从起承转合的布局布局,为我们详细介绍一下撰写中常用的首要涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为我们4级写作提供实惠的资料。

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  (一)起

1、伊始句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学陆续启幕,很多过初试的考生已经初叶了紧张的复试准备,让大家最佳担心的是葡萄牙共和国(República Portuguesa)语复试的备考。能否获得最终的打响,丹麦语复试是一个首要。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自笔者介绍仍可以提前背一背,可假若抽到二个Infiniti制的话题让我们开始展览叙述的话,就会有一定的难度。那里老师就给大家介绍三种展开话题的章程,希望大家能够利用上,使和谐的说道表明更为的明通晓白流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不问可知,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

三.It can be said with certainty that… 能够一定地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为啥”的题目。大家得以遵照几个结实去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为依据,前后进度要合乎逻辑和规律。例如:“你为啥考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

四.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  四. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

伍.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法能够用来论述“是何等”的题材,即用一段话来表达表达有个别抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的习性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家得以用如下方式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那大概是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

玖.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大概一直不太多的说…

  例证是为着验证大旨而存在的。当宗旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就要求通过举例或例证来加以扶助,以说服听者,同时要专注逻辑严酷。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视机 or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…亟待尤其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关系词语或首要词汇:

1一.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可不可以认

  总而言之,报考大学生复试时,得到标题后应马上审题,积极思量,找好切人点,把出口的框架打好腹稿,那样会使你的阐释更具逻辑性。展开的主意便是利用因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神沟通,牢牢地掀起对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时代,大家自然要多练习与人交换的能力。祝我们报考学士复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂跻身自个儿心仪的该校!

  递进:

1二.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有何比那更主要的是…

  发源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

一三.what‘s far more important is that… 更器重的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

一.A case in point is … 一个独立的例证是…

  因果:

二.As is often the case…出于平时景况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

三.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

肆.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
然则题材并非如此不难,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.For all that…对此那整个…… In spite of the fact that…就算事实……

  举例:

柒.Further, we hold opinion that… 其它,大家百折不挠认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

八.However , the difficulty lies in…可是,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

玖.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要注意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

1壹.In view of the present station。鉴于方今地势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

1二.As has been mentioned above…正如下边所关联的…

  因果:

1三.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那么些角度上大家能够说

  There are several reasons for…

1四.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
不过笔者辈还得看看东西的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

叁、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后本身要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

二.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因而,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

叁.All things considered,简单的说 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

四.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,在作者眼里,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过以上讨论,大家得以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

陆.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数量咱们获取的定论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家得以汲取那样的下结论

  (三)转

捌.From my point of view, it would be better if…以笔者之见……大概更加好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

伍、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

一.Some people think that … 有些人以为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,作者不可能同意他们的观点,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

二.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……从来被视为……,但明日的情景有非常的大的差异。

  (四)合

三.I believe the title statement is valid because…
作者觉着那个论点是天经地义的,因为…

  一. 涉及词汇或主要词汇:

四.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …笔者不也许完全同意那一观点的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

五.My argument for this view goes as follows。笔者对这一个题材的理念如下。

  二. 句型及常用表明结构:

陆.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的开拓进取,越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有三个经久不衰运转的申辩,是还是不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

八.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它平日是觉得…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就自身而言,作者完全同意前者/后者。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在提交小编的视角从前,笔者想有要求看看互相的论证。

  以上那几个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是1对壹有效的创作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在调查中能够使用熟习。

陆、表示比较和自己检查自纠的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

7、演绎法常用的句型

一.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有几个原因……,但貌似,他们得以归纳为多个主要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有过多成分恐怕占…,但以下是最非凡的。

三.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有广大办法能够消除那个难题,但下边包车型地铁只怕是最实用的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。一般的话,这一个优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

8、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

四.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家曾经学到了好多。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致超重。

九、段首万能句子

一。关于……人们有不一样的看法。一些人觉得……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

二。俗话说(常言道)……,它是大家前辈的经验,可是,尽管在明日,它在不少场面照旧适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

三。未来,……,它们给我们的平时生活带来了重重残害。首先,……;其次,……更为不好的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

四。现在,……很广泛,许多少人喜欢……,因为……,其余(而且)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______ca88,。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都以有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz一三.cn)它既有便宜的另一方面,也有不利的一派。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

陆。关于……人们的看法各不一样,一些人以为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面临着3个严重的难点……,这几个题材变得尤为严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

八。……已变成人的青眼的热门话题,尤其是在年青人其中,将抓住强烈的说理。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

九。……在我们的日常生活中起着进一步首要的效率,它给大家带来了过多利益,但与此同时也吸引部分严重的标题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。依据图片/数字/总计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够看来……很领会……,可是怎么吧?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

一。相反,有一部分人同情……,他们相信……,而且,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

二。可是,我觉着这不是缓解……的好情势,比如……最不佳的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

三。……对大家国家的前行和建设是必备的,(也是)至极重大的。首先,……而且……,最重视的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

四。有多少个可供大家秉承的主意。首先,大家能够……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

伍。面临……,我们应有使用一文山会海有效的情势来……一方面……,另1方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

陆。早就应该拿出游动了。比如说……,其余……全部那几个艺术肯定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为啥……?第2个原因是……;第三个原因是……;第多个原因是……总的来说,……的重大缘由是出于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

8。然则,正如任何事物都有高低七个地点同等,……也有它的不利的另一方面,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

玖。就算如此,作者深信……更有利于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

十。完全同意……那种理念(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

拾一、结尾万能句子

壹。至于本人,在某种程度上自家同意前面包车型大巴见识,作者觉得……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

二。简单来说,整个社会应该仔细关怀……那些题材。唯有这么,大家才能在今后……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

叁。但是,……和……都有它们分别的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……但是,把那两边相相比较,小编更赞成于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

四。就自笔者个人而言,笔者深信……,由此,小编确信美好的前途正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

伍。随着社会的进步,……因此,紧迫需求……如若每种人都愿为社会进献自已的1份力量,这几个社会即将变得更好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于小编(对自个儿来说,就自个儿而言),笔者以为……更合理。唯有这么,大家才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

柒。对本身来说,作者觉着有供给……原因如下:第1,……;
第三,……;最终……但1样关键的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

8。在总体上很难说……是好依旧坏,因为它在很大程度上取决……的地貌。但是,就本人个人而言,笔者发现……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

玖。综上所述,我们得以领会地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。固然大家不采用有效的形式,就恐怕控制不了那种动向,就会师世一些出人意料的不良后果,所以,大家相应做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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